A Brief Guide To The Etiquettes Of ‘Eedul-Fitr
It Is Obligatory For All To Attend The ‘Eed Prayer
The Messenger of Allaah said:
“Let the free women, the virgins, and the menstruating women attend the ‘Eed prayer, and witness the good and the supplications of the believers. As for the menstruating women, they should stay away from the Musallaa (i.e. should not participate in the prayer itself).” 1
Bathing Before The ’Eed Prayer
Imaam Ibn Qudaamah said: ‘‘It is preferred to purify oneself by bathing for ’Eed. Ibn ‘Umar used to bathe on the day of Fitr…’ 2
Beautification And Adornment
Ibnul-Qayyim said: ‘‘He would wear his best clothes when proceeding to the two ’Eeds and the day of Jumu’ah.3
One should also apply perfume if he has his own, (otherwise, he may use his wife’s perfume) and use the tooth-brush (miswaak) before going to the musallaa.
Eating Dates Before Setting Out To The Musallaa
Anas said: ‘‘The Messenger of Allaah would not set out in the morning of ’Eedul-Fitr until he had eaten some dates.’’ 4
Imaam al-Muhallab said: ‘The wisdom behind eating before the ’Eed prayer is so that no person with doubt in his mind thinks that the fasting remains until after the prayer. So it is as if he wanted to stop this from occurring.’’ 5
Proceeding To The Musallah And Returning By Different Routes
Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim said: ‘‘The Prophet used to change his route on the days of ’Eed, such that he went by one route and returned by another.’’ 6
The Time For The ‘Eed Prayer
Shaykh Aboo Bakr al-Jazaa‘iree said: ‘‘It’s time is from the sun rising a spear’s length up until zawaal (midday). It is best to pray the ’Eedul-Adhaa Prayer at it’s earliest possible time, so that people will be able to go and offer their sacrifices and to delay the Prayer of ’Eedul-Fitr, so that the people will be able to give their sadaqah.’’ 7
The Manner Of The Takbeeraat
Ibn ’Umar would leave (his house) on the morning of ’Eedul-Fitr and Adhaa saying the takbeer aloud until he reached the musallaa and then make takbeer until the Imaam came.8 Ibn Mas’ood used to say:
‘‘Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illallaah,
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar wa lillaahil-hamd.’’ 9
(Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest, There is none Who has the right to be worshipped except Allaah. Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest and to Allaah belongs all praise.)
Description Of The ‘Eed Prayer
1 – The ‘Eed Salaah consists of two Raka’ahs. Umar said: “The traveller’s prayer is two raka’ah; the Adha prayer is two Raka’ah; and the Jumu’ah prayer is two Rak’ah; this is their full length as came from the Messenger of Allaah.” 10
2 – The ‘Eed Salaah is not preceded by the adhan (the call to announce the prayer time) or Iqaamah (the call to start prayer). Jaabir bin Samurah said: “I prayed the ‘Eed prayer with Allah’s Messenger, on more than one occasion, without adhan or Iqamah.” 11
3 – No Sunnah prayer may precede or follow the ‘Eed prayer, except if it is performed in a Masjid instead of a Musallah, in which case one must pray two raka’hs before sitting down. Ibn Abbaas reported: “The Prophet went out (of his house) on the day of Fitr, prayed two raka’hs and did not pray before or after it.” 12
4 – Like any other deed in Islam, the prayer must be preceded with a true intention of worshiping Allah alone in the heart.
5 – The first raka’h is initiated with Takbeer al-ihram, then followed by seven Takbeers. The second rak’ah has five takbeers after getting up from completing the first rak’ah. Aa’ishah said: “Allah’s Messenger would say Takbeer in both Fitr and Adha: seven in the first and five in the second, other than the two Takbeers of Ruku (bowing).” 13 It has not been authentically reported from the Prophet that he used to raise his hands with the takbeers of ’Eed. 14
6. The remainder of the prayer is performed in the same manner as any other prayer, without any difference.
The ‘Eed Khutbah
The Sunnah of the ‘Eed Khutbah is that it should be delivered after the ‘Eed Salaah. Ibn Abbaas said: “I attended the ‘Eed with Allah’s Messenger, Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman; all of them would pray before the Khutbah.” 15
Listening To The ‘Eed Khutbah Is Not Wajib
Abdullah bin as-Sa’ib reported that he attended the ‘Eed prayer with the Prophet; and when he finished the prayer, he said: “We shall have a Khutbah; so let whoever wishes to sit for the Khutbah do so, and whoever wishes to leave, may leave.” 16
If The ‘Eed Falls On Jumu’ah
In this case it becomes optional for men to attend the Jumu’ah prayer. Abu Hurayrah reported that on such occurrence, the Messenger of Allaah said: “Two ‘Eeds have coincided on this day of yours; thus whoever wishes, is exempted from attending the Jumu’ah prayer. Yet, we shall hold it.” 17
It should be noted that if one does not attend the Jumu’ah prayer, then it becomes obligatory on him to offer the Dhuhr prayer.
If One Missed The ‘Eed Congregational Prayer
One who missed the ’Eed Prayer in congregation should pray two rak’ahs. Imaam al-Bukhaaree, said: ‘‘Chapter: If one misses the ’Eed (Prayer) he should pray two rak’ahs.’’ 18
Ibn Qudaamah mentioned that Muhammad Ibn Ziyaad said: ‘‘I was with Abee Umaamah al-Baahilee and other Companions of the Prophet and when they returned from the ’Eed they said to each other: ‘Taqabballallaah minnaa wa minkum.’ 19
Joyfulness Whilst Keeping The Commandments Of Allaah
‘Eed celebrations are religious occasions, but the joy that occurs on the ‘Eed, has made many people forget or become negligent of the Deen and Islamic regulations. Whilst enjoying and celebrating this great day of ‘Eed one should avoid celebrating the ‘Eed in a way similar to the Kuffar, who overstep Allaah’s boundaries when they rejoice. They indulge in various acts of disobedience, such as mingling of men and women, wearing improper clothes, dancing, listening to music, drinking alcohol etc. Also, Muslims must avoid performing unjustified practices and Bid’ahs, like spending the night preceding the ‘Eed in extended worship, visiting the graves etc.
Finally, We ask Allah to give us the correct understanding of His Deen and make all our worships sincerely for His Face. Ameen!