Shaikh Ahmad Ibn Yahyaa An-Najmee
Author: His student, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Haadee Al-Madkhalee
Source: Introduction of Shaikh’s An-Najmee’s book:
“Al-Mawrid Al-‘Adhb Az-Zilaal”(pg. 4-10)
His Name and Lineage:
He is our noble Shaikh, the ‘Allaamah, the Muhaddith, the Faqeeh, the present Muftee of the district of Jaazaan and the carrier of the Flag of the Sunnah and Hadeeth in it – Shaikh Ahmad Ibn Yahyaa Ibn Muhammad Ibn Shabeer An- Najmee Aali Shabeer from Banee Hummad, one of the well known tribes of the district of Jaazaan.
The Shaikh, (Hafidhahu ‘Llah), was born in the village of Najaamiyyah on the 22nd of Shawaal of 1346H and was raised in the house of his two righteous parents – which have no equal in comparison.
Due to this, his parents both made a pledge to Allaah (Subhanahu wa ta’ala) by him that they would not burden him with any type of worldly jobs, and Allaah made what they wished come true. They would both constantly keep guard of their son to the point that they would not even let him play amongst the children. When he reached the age of puberty, they entered him into the schools of the village, where he learned to read and write. He learned to recite the Qur’aan in the national school before the coming of the Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee, (Rahimahu ‘Llah), three times, the last of which occurred in 1358H when he remained there.
He first read the Qur’aan to Shaikh ‘Abdu Ibn Muhammad ‘Aqeel An-Najmee in 1355H. Then he read it to Shaikh Yahyaa Faqeeh ‘Abasee, who was from Yemen and who had come to Najaamiyyah and stayed there. Our Shaikh studied under him in the year 1358H. But when Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee arrived at Najaamiyyah, there occurred a debate between him and this teacher concerning the issue of Allaah’s Rising – for he was ‘asharee. So Shaikh Al-Qar’aawee defeated him and he fled from the town after that.
“And so the roots of the people who did wrong were cut off – all praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds.” [Surah Al-An’aam: 45]
His Educational Upbringing:
After their ‘asharee teacher left, the Shaikh, along with his two paternal uncles, Hasan Ibn Muhammad An-Najmee and Husayn Ibn Muhammad An-Najmee, began to frequently attend Shaikh Al-Qar’aawee’s classes for some days in the city of Saamitah, but this did not last. This was in the year 1359H. In 1360, in the month of Safar to be exact, our Shaikh joined the Madrasah Salafiyyah (Salafee School) and recited the Qur’aan, this time under the order of Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee (Rahimahu ‘Llah) to Shaikh ‘Uthmaan Ibn ‘Uthmaan Hamlee (Rahimahu ‘Llah). This was such that he recited the entire Qur’aan to him with tajweed and memorized the books “Tuhfat-ul-Atfaal”, “Hidaayat-ul-Mustafeed”, “Thalaathat-ul-Usool”, “Al-‘Arba’een An-Nawawiyyah” and “Al- Hisaab.” And he perfected the discipline of handwriting. He would sit in the study circle, which Shaikh Al-Qar’aawee had set up there, until the time when the younger students departed after the Dhuhr Prayer. Then he would attend the circle for the elder students, which Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee was in charge of personally teaching. So he would sit in this class from after the Dhuhr Prayer till the time of the ‘Ishaa Prayer. Then after praying (‘Ishaa), he would return to his town of Najaamiyyah with his two uncles (Hasan and Husayn).
After four months, Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee granted him permission to be part of his study circle for elder students, which he taught himself. So he read to the Shaikh the following books: “Ar-Raheebah” concerning Laws of Inheritance, “Al-Aajroomiyyah” concening Arabic Grammar, “Kitaab At-Tawheed”, “Buloogh Al-Maraam”, “Al-Bayqooniyyah”, “Nukhbat-ul-Fikr” with its explanation “Nuzhat-un-Nadhr”, “Mukhtasaraat fee Seerah”, “Tasreef Al-Ghazee”, “Al-‘Awaamil fee An-Nahw”, “Al-Waraqaat” concerning the Principles of Fiqh, and “Al-‘Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah” with its explanation from Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee – this was before they had seen its explanation from Ibn Abeel-‘Izz. He also studied parts of the book “Al-Alfiyyah” of Ibn Maalik and “Ad-Durar Al-Bahiyyah” with its explanation “Ad-Daraaree Al-Madiyyah” concerning Fiqh – both of which are written by Ash-Shawkaanee, (Rahimahu ‘Llah). This goes as well for other books
– whether there was in them those which they studied as an assigned subject, like the previously mentioned books or what they studied for cultural education in some concise treatises and small pamphlets or those books, which they would reference when researching such as Nayl-ul-Awtaar, Zaad Al-Ma’aad, Noor-ul-Yaqeen, Al-Muwatta and Al-Ummuhaat.
In 1362H, Shaikh ‘Abdullaah, (Rahimahu ‘Llah), distributed portions of the Umahaat (Hadeeth Books) he had present in his library to his students, which consisted of Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, Sunan Abee Dawood, Sunan An-Nasaa’ee, Muwatta of Imaam Maalik. So they (his elder students) began to read these books to him, but they did not complete them because they had to depart due to a drought.
In 1364H, they returned and read them to him. So then Shaikh ‘Abdullaah gave him the ijaazah (religious authorization) to report from Al-Umahaat As-Sitt.
In 1369H, he studied under Shaikh Ibraheem Ibn Muhammad Al-‘Amoodee, (Rahimahu ‘Llah), the Judge of Saamitah at that time, two books – “Islaah Al-Mujtami’a” and the book of Shaikh ‘Abd-ur-Rahmaan Ibn Sa’adee, (Rahimahu ‘Llah) on Fiqh, which is organized in the form of question and answer, entitled: “Al-Irshaad ilaa Ma’rifat-il-Ahkaam.”
He also studied under Shaikh ‘Alee Ibn Ash-Shaikh Ziyaad As-Somalee at the order of Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee, the subject of Grammar, studying the book “Al-‘Awaamil fee An-Nahwi Mi’ah”, as well as other books on Grammar and Morphology.
In 1384H, he attended the study circles of the Shaikh, the Imaam, the ‘Allaamah, the Muftee of the Saudi Lands, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh, (Rahimahu ‘Llah), for the length of close to two months. In these circles, he taught Tafseer Ibn Jareer At-Tabaree with the recitation of ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ash-Shalhoob, with regard to the subject of tafseer. Likewise, in the same year, he attended the gatherings of our Shaikh, the Imaam, the ‘Allaamah, Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Baaz, (Rahimahu ‘Llah), for the length of close to a month and a half. This class was on Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and occurred between the Maghrib and ‘Ishaa prayers.
From what you have read it is clear that his teachers, in order, include:
2. Shaikh Haafidh Ibn Ahmad Al-Hakamee – (Rahimahu ‘Llah)
3. The Shaikh, the ‘Allaamah, the Caller, the Reformer (mujaddid) of the southern part of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee – (Rahimahu ‘Llah)
4. Shaikh ‘Abdu Ibn Muhammad ‘Aqeel An-Najmee
5. Shaikh ‘Uthmaan Ibn ‘Uthmaan Al-Hamlee
6. Shaikh ‘Alee Ibn Ash-Shaikh ‘Uthmaan Ziyaad As-Somalee
7. The Imaam, the ‘Allaamah, the former Muftee of the lands of Saudi Arabia, Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Ibraaheem Aali Shaikh – (Rahimahu ‘Llah)
8. Shaikh Yahyaa Faqeeh ‘Abasee Al-Yemenee
Our shaikh, (Hafidhahu ‘Llah), has many many students. For whoever spent the amount of time that he spent in teaching, which is almost half a century, then you can just imagine how many his students will be. And if we were to list their number, then that would require a large book in itself. So I will only mention a short example of them, by which one can go by in determining his other students. So from among his students are:
2. Our Shaikh, the ‘Allaamah, the Faqeeh, Zaid Ibn Muhammad Haadee Al-Madkhalee
3. Our Shaikh, the Noble Scholar, ‘Alee Ibn Naasir Al-Faqeehee
His Aptitude and Intelligence, may Allaah grant him success:
The Shaikh possesses a very high level of intelligence. The following is a story that indicates the intelligence and good memory he had since childhood:
The uncle, Shaikh ‘Umar Ibn Ahmad Jardee Al-Madkhalee said:
“When Shaikh Ahmad would attend classes at the Salafee School in Saamitah, along with his two uncles, Hasan An-Najmee and Husayn An-Najmee, during 1359 when he was 13, he would listen to the classes that Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al- Qar’aawee gave to his elder students and he would memorize them.” I say: This is what caused Shaikh ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee to let Shaikh Ahmad join his adult classes, which he would take charge of teaching himself. This was because of what the Shaikh (Al-Qar’aawee) saw of his superiority, quickness in memorizing and intelligence.
Our Shaikh, (Hafidhahu ‘Llah), worked as a teacher in the schools of his Shaikh, ‘Abdullaah Al-Qar’aawee, as a volunteer. And when the pay positions began, he was assigned the duty of a teacher in his town of Najaamiyyah. This was in 1367H. Then in 1372H, he transferred to being Imaam and teacher in the town of Abu Subaila in Baalhurrath.
On 1/1/1374H, when the educational institute in Saamitah was opened, he was assigned the position of a teacher in it until the year 1384H. He resigned fro this position with the hopes of getting the opportunity to teach in the Islaamic University of Madeenah, so he travelled there. However, certain circumstances took place which didn’t allow that to occur, so he returned back to his district and Allaah (Subhanahu wa ta’ala) decreed for him to be appointed the position of religious admonisher and guide for the Ministry of Justice of the District of Jaazaan. So he took the role of admonishing and advising in the best of manners.
On 1/7/1387H, he returned to being a teacher at the educational institute in the city of Jaazaan at his request. Then at the beginning of the school year of 1389H, he returned to teaching at the institute of Saamitah. He remained there as a teacher until he retired in 1/7/1410H.
Since that time up until the time that I am writing these lines, he has kept himself busy teaching in his home, in his local masjid and in other masjids of the district, holding weekly classes as well as taking on the role of providing fataawaa (for questions).
In doing all of this, he has acted in accordance with the final advice of his teacher, which was to remain constant in teaching and in taking care of the students, especially the foreign ones among them who left their families (to study). He had remarkable patience in accomplishing this, so we ask Allaah that He reward him on our behalf.
He also abided by his teacher, Shaikh Al-Qar’aawee’s final advice by continuing in his studies and in researching and learning from others. This is especially with regard to the sciences and principles of Hadeeth and Fiqh, for it was such that he surpassed his colleagues and had a powerful command in that matter. May Allaah bless his life and knowledge and benefit us with his efforts.
His Books of Knowledge:
Our Shaikh, (Hafidhahu ‘Llah), has written many books, some of which have been printed and some which have not. We ask Allaah that He facilitate the publishing of those books so that the benefit from them can be attained. From his books are:
2. Ta’sees-ul-Ahkaam Sharh ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam – only a very, very small portion of it was printed.
3. Tanzeeh-ush-Sharee’ah ‘an Ibaahat-il-Aghaanee Al-Khalee’ah
4. Risaalat-ul-Irshaad ilaa Bayaan-il-Haqq fee Hukm-il-Jihaad
5. Risaalatun fee Hukm-il-Jahr bil-Basmalah
6. Fat’h-ur-Rabb Al-Wadood fee Al-Fataawaa war-Rudood
7. Al-Mawrid Al-Adh’b Az-Zilaal feemaa intaqada ‘alaa ba’ad-il-manaahij adda’wiyyah min Al-‘Aqaa’id wal-‘A’amaal.
Written by his student, Muhammad Ibn Haadee Ibn ‘Alee Al-Madkhalee A Lecturer in the Faculty of Hadeeth of the Islaamic University of Madeenah