Sunnah & Bidah Occasions Throughout The Islamic Year

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Sunnah & Bid’ah Occasions Throughout The Islamic Year

Source: Prepared using a document found on fatwaonline.com

The Islaamic Hijrah calendar is based upon the lunar month of 30 days or 29 days (according to the sighting of the new moon) and dates back to the year in which the Hijrah (migration) was made by the Muslims from Makkah to Madeenah. This document simply outlines important dates for the Muslims throughout the Islaamic Hijrah year. It also lists the customs of many ignorant Muslims throughout the world who have taken certain dates from the history of Islam and made them specific occasions for celebration and/or worship. It has been our intention to research these dates and warn against the establishment of such dates as occasions for celebration and/or worship.
Finally, a sincere effort has been made to make the following listing as comprehensive as possible, however, should anyone have knowledge of any other specific dates which we may have missed, then please kindly inform us so that we may add it to the list below, wa jazaakumullaahu khayr.

1 – Muharram  مُحَرَّم

Day 9 and 10 or 10 and 11: S U N N A H
‘Aashooraa – Fasting recommended
Day 10: I N N O V A T I O N
Performing a sacrifice during the day

2 – Safar  صَفَر

Day 6: I N N O V A T I O N
Performing a sacrifice during the day

3 - Rabee' al-Awwal  رَبيع الأوّل

Day 12: I N N O V A T I O N
‘Eed Milaad an-Nabee – Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam)

4 - Rabee' ath-Thaanee / al-Aakhir  رَبيع الثاني
5 - Jumaada al-Awwal  جُمادى الأولى
6 - Jumaada ath-Thaanee  جُمادى الثاني
7 – Rajab  رَجَب

Day 1 to 30: I N N O V A T I O N
Increasing in worship because it is the month of Rajab
Day 26: I N N O V A T I O N
Celebrating the night journey of the Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) to al-Quds (Jerusalem), and from their his ascension to the Heavens
Day 27: I N N O V A T I O N
Performing a sacrifice during the day, then standing the night in voluntary prayer

8 - Sha'baan  شَعْبان

Day 15: I N N O V A T I O N
Fasting during the day and standing the night in voluntary prayer (also referred to as “shabbee baraat”)

9 – Ramadhaan  رَمَضان

Day 1 to 30: F A R D H / W A A J I B
Fasting
Day 1 to 30: S U N N A H
‘Umrah recommended once on any day
Day 17 (Battle of Badr): I N N O V A T I O N
Gathering in the masaajid at night to recite Soorah Yaaseen
Day 27: I N N O V A T I O N
Celebrating the night in anticipation of Laylatul-Qadr (The Night of Power)

10 – Shawwaal  شَوّال

Day 1: F A R D H / W A A J I B
`Eed al-Fitr
Day 2 to 30: S U N N A H
Fasting recommended for any six days
Day 15: I N N O V A T I O N
Performing a sacrifice during the day

11 - Dhul-Qi'dah  ذو القعدة
12 - Dhul-Hijjah  ذو الحجة

Day 1 to 9: S U N N A H
Fasting recommended
Day 10: F A R D H / W A A J I B
`Eed al-Adhhaa For those performing Hajj:
Day 8 to 13: F A R D H / W A A J I B (once in a lifetime)
Performance of Hajj rites

Throughout the Islaamic Hijrah year:

Every Monday and Thursday – Fasting recommended
Every 13th, 14th and 15th of every month – Fasting recommended
Every other day of every month – Fasting permissible (the fast of the Prophet Daawood (‘alayhis-salaam))
On the occasion of anyone’s birthday – Nothing specific recommended