Takbeer In The ‘Eeds
Shaykh ’Alee Hasan al-Halabee (Hafidhahu’Llah)
Source: Ruling Concerning the Two ’Eeds From the Purified Sunnah
Translated by: Aboo Tahir
Published by: Daar ul-‘ilm un-Nafie’, London
CHAPTER – SEVEN : Takbeer In The ‘Eeds
Allaah, The Most High, says:
“(He wants you) to complete the same number (of days) and that must magnify Allaah (takbeer) for having guided you and so that you may be grateful to Him.” 1
Indeed it is established that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to emerge on the day of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr and say the takbeer up until he reached the musallaa and up until he had performed the prayer. So when he had performed the prayer he stopped saying the takbeer. 2
The scholar of hadeeth al-Albaanee said: “This hadeeth contains evidence concerning the legality of what the Muslims are acting upon, from saying the takbeer aloud on the way to the musallaa; even though many Muslims have become negligent of this Sunnah to such an extent that it has nearly become a ‘thing that was’……
From that which is appropriate to remind us of at this point, is that saying the takbeer aloud does not mean that it is permitted to say it in unison, as some people do. Likewise, all other supplications in which raising the voice has or has not been prescribed, then reciting the supplication in unison is not permissible. So be cautious of this and let us always focus our eyes upon the fact that the best guidance is the guidance of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam).” 3
Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah was asked about the time when the takbeer should be recited during the ‘Eeds. So he replied: “All praise be to Allaah. The most correct opinion with regard to reciting the takbeer is that which the majority of the Salaf, the jurists from amongst the Companions and its A’immah are upon, – that is to say the takbeer after every prayer from Fajr (Dawn) on the day of ‘Arafah until the last day of Tashreeq. It is permitted for everyone to say the takbeer aloud when proceeding to the ‘Eid prayer and this is agreed upon by the four Imaams.” 4
I say: His (may Allaah have mercy upon him) saying: After every prayer – in particular – is a matter for which there is no evidence. Rather the correct opinion is that it is at all times without particularisation.
This is inferred upon by the saying of al-Bukhaaree in the chapter on the two Eed’s in his book as-Saheeh (2/461): “Chapter: Takbeer in the days of Mina and when proceeding to Arafah.”
‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) used to make takbeer in his tent in Mina such that the people in the masjid could hear him and so they would make takbeer and the people in the market would make takbeer such that Mina would resound with the takbeer.
Ibn Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) used to make takbeer in Mina on these days, after every prayer, while reclining on his couch, in his tent, in his gatherings and when walking all in these days.
Maimoonah (may Allaah be pleased with her) would make takbeer on the day of Nahr. The women used to make takbeer, alongside with Abaan Ibn Uthmaan and ‘Amr Ibn Abdul-Aziz during the nights of Tashreeq with the men in the masjid.
When Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) would leave (his house) on the morning of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr and ‘Adhaa and he would say the takbeer aloud until he reached the musallaa and then make takbeer until the Imaam came.5
The manner of saying takbeer has not been authentically reported in a hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) from that which I know, but it has been reported from some of the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them all).
Ibn Mas’ood used to say:
“Allaahu-Akbar. (Allaah is the Greatest) Allaahu-Akbar. (Allaah is the Greatest) Laa ilaaha illallah. (There is none who has the right to be worshipped except Allaah) Wa-Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest). Allaahu-Akbaar. (Allaah is the Greatest) Wa lillaahil-Hamd” (and to Allaah belongs all praise.) 6
Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) used to say:
“Allaahu akbar (Allaah is the Greatest) Allaahu akbar, (Allaah is the Greatest) Allaahu akbar, (Allaah is the Greatest) wa li ‘llaah il-hamd, (and to Allaah belongs all praise) Allaahu akbaru wa ajall (Allaah is the Greatest and the Most Sublime) Allaahu akbaru `alaa maa hadaana. (Allaah is the Greatest to that which He has guided us to)” 7
Abdur-Razzaq transmits by the isnaad of Baihaqee in his book as Sunan al-Kubra (3/316)- with an authentic chain of narration – from Salmaan al-Khair (may Allaah Pleased with him): “Make takbeer of Allaah: Say:
“Allaahu-Akbar “(Allaah is the greatest) Allaahu-Akbar (Allaah is the greatest) Allaahu-Akbar kabeera (Allaah is the greatest – great indeed.)“
However many of the lay Muslims have opposed this dhikr that is established upon the salaf by innovated dhikr and additions which have no basis at all. Thus Haafidh Ibn Hajr (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Fath ul-Baaree (2/536):
“indeed additions 8 have been invented on this day, which have no basis.”
[End of Extract from: Ruling Concerning the Two ’Eeds From the Purified Sunnah – Shaykh ’Alee Hasan al-Halabee (Hafidhahu’Llah)]
Wisdom In Takbeer [from Celebrations In Islaam p27-28 (2nd Ed.)– Abu Abdillaah Muhammad Ibn Mustafaa]
We are instructed to proclaim rakbeer frequently – especially in certain situations that may insinuate feelings of pride, such as the following:
|Situation:||Feelings that may Induce Pride|
|Fighting for Allaah’s cause
Slaughtering an animal
|Might and ability to kill|
|Throwing the stones in Minaa||Power and aggression|
|Ascending a hill||Highness and supremacy|
By declaring that “Allaahu Akbar” in these and similar situations, we remember our true position and limitations. We remember that, great or mighty that we may think ourselves, Allaah is greater and mightier, and He is the one who provided us with everything that we can boast about.
Likewise, festivals, being occasions of rejoice and happiness, may induce feelings of pride and vanity. These feelings can only be restrained by frequently remembering and proclaiming Allaah’s greatness and oneness.
Furthermore, saying the takbeer loudly and frequently makes us remember that the ‘Eed is a gift granted by Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala); He is greater than the worries and fears that could mar the ‘Eed spirit; He guided us, and He is capable of protecting us, removing our worries, and accepting our acts of worship that preceded the ‘Eeds.