The Belief of a Muslim

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The belief of a Muslim

This short article has been produced to clarify some aspects of Islamic Belief (aqeedah). Our belief must be in accordance with the Noble Qur’an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhummad(sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam). In this issue there is no room for our personal opinions or emotion.

The Messenger (s.a) is human.1

“Muhummad is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels”.
(Al Imraan 3:144)
“Say (O Muhummad) I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that you God is one God”.(Al-Kahf 18:110).2
“Am I anything but a man, sent as a Messenger”. (Al Isra 17:93)
The Messenger of Allah (s.a) said: “I am but a man like you. I am caused to forget as you forget. So when I forget, remind me”.(Bukhari)
When a Companion said to the Messenger of Allah (s.a): “it is what Allah wills and you will”. He(s.a) replied: “Are you making me an equal to Allah. Say it is what Allah wills alone”. (Ahmed)

The Messenger of Allah (s.a) is no longer alive.

“Verily you (s.a) will die and verily they will die”. (Az Zumar 39:30)
“And We granted not to any human being, immortality before you, then if you died would they live forever”. (Ambiya 21:34)
Abu Bakr said: [at the news of the death of the Messenger of Allah (s.a)] “Whoever worships Muhummad, Muhummad is dead, and whoever worships Allah, Allah is Ever-Living, One Who does not die”.3 (Bukhari)
The Messenger of Allah (s.a) said: “Should anyone say ‘salaam’ upon me, Allah returns back my soul to reply back.4”. (Abu Dawood)

The Messenger (s.a) did not possess knowledge of the Unseen

“Say (O Muhummad) I possess no power of benefit or hurt except as Allah wills. If I had knowledge of the Unseen, I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me”.5 (Al-Araaf 7:188)
“Say, None in the heavens and the earth know the Unseen except Allah”.
(An-Naml 27:65)
“Say (O Muhummad) I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor that I know the Unseen, nor do I tell you that I am an angel, but I follow what is revealed to me”. (Al-An’am)

If you ask, ask only Allah!

“You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help”.6 (Fatihaah 1:4)
“And do not call on others beside Allah. such that will neither profit you not harm you, but if you did that, you would certainly be one of the wrongdoers”. (Yunus 10:106)
“And who is more astray than the one who calls on besides Allah, such as will not answer him until the Day of Resurrection, and who are even unaware of their calls to them”. (Ahqaf:5)
“And the masjids are for Allah (alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allah”.
(Al-Jinn 72:18)
The Messenger of Allah (s.a) said to Ibn Abbas: “Whenever you ask, ask it from Allah, whenever you seek assistance, do it by requesting Allah alone”7 (Tirmidhi)

The dead cannot hear the calls of the living.

“Verily you cannot make the dead to hear”.8 (An-Naml 27:80)
“You cannot make hear those who are in their graves”. (Al-Fatir 35:22)

The false excuse for Shirk.

“And those who take awliya (friends and protectors) besides Him say: We worship them only that they may bring us close to Allah”. (Az-Zumar 39:3)
“And they worship besides Allah things that hurt them not, nor profit them and they say: These are our intercessors with Allah”.9 (Al-Yunus 10:18)

Masjids and Graves.

The Messenger of Allah (s.a) said:
“May Allah’s curse be on the jews and christians for taking the graves of their Prophets as places of worship”. (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood)
“The most of evil of mankind are those who will be alive when the Last Hour arrives, and those who take graves as places of worship”10.(Ahmed)
“Do not make my grave as a place of celebration, nor make your houses graveyards and ask (Allah’s) blessings on me wherever you may be, because it will reach me”. (Abu Dawood)
Ali ibn Talib (ra) said to Abu al-Hayyaa: “Shall I send you as the Messenger of Allah (s.a) sent me; to deface every statue or picture in houses and to level all elevated graves”11. (Muslim)

If we love the Messenger (s.a) we must follow his guidance …

“…And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, abstain (from it) , and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is severe in punishment.”
(Al-Hasr 59:7)
“He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah.” (An-Nisa 4:80)
“And indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a beautiful example for him who looks to Allah and the last day and remembers Allah much.” (Al-Ahzab 31)
“If any one opposes the Prophet, even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that of the believers, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.” (An-Nisa: 4:110)

…and not innovate in the religion

Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) says “this day have I perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion”12 (Al-Maidah 5:4)
The Messenger of Allaah said:
“there is nothing that will take you closer to paradise but that I have enjoined it upon you, and there is nothing that will take you closer to hell but that I have warned you from it”13 (Musnad ash-Shaafi’ee and others)
“I have left behind me two things, if you cling to them you will never go astray. They are the Book of Allaah and my Sunnah” (al-Haakim)
“I warn you of the newly invented matters (in the religion),and every newly invented matter is an innovation, and every innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire”14 (an-Nasaa’ee)
“whoever introduces into this religion of ours that which is not from it will have it rejected” (Ahmad)
“so he who follows my sunnah has been guided, and he who follows the innovations has been destroyed.” (Ahmad)
“and the best speech is the Speech of Allah, and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad and the worst of all affairs are the newly invented matters (in the deen)” (Muslim)
Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood said, “Follow the sunnah of Muhammad and do not innovate, for what you have been commanded is enough for you.” (ad-Daarimee)
Hudhayfah bin al-Yaman said, “Every act of worship that the Companions did not do, do not do it.” (Abu Dawood)
Imam al-Awzaa’ee said: “Patiently restrict yourselves to the Sunnah and do not go beyond the positions held by the Sahaabah, hold their position and avoid what they avoided. Take the path of the Salaf-us-Saleheen (the companions and the pious predecessors in the way of the companions), for verily, what was sufficient for them is sufficient for you.”
Compiled by Abu Saifillah Abdul Qadir


1 The following proofs show that the noble Messenger Muhummad (s.a) was a human being, created from a sperm and an egg. He was not created from light, as this is an attribute of the angels of Allah.
2 The Messengers are human, ie they get sick and they die, they need to eat and drink, and they have other human needs.
3 Sheikh al-Albanee says: “The companions differed about many matters after his (s.a) death, and none of them ever thought about going to him (s.a) in his grave and asking his advice and asking what was correct. Why not? The matter is very clear, all of them knew that he (s.a) had left behind this worldly life, its conditions and its affairs”
4 If he (s.a) was alive, then his soul would be residing in his body and would not need to be returned back.
5 The knowledge of the unseen is one of the attributes of Allah, and the one who claims to possess this knowledge is an outright liar, claiming godship for himself.
6 The Messenger of Allah (s.a) said “Supplication is worship” (Tirmidhi). Thus to call upon the righteous dead, asking them to convey your requests to Allah is to supplicate to other than Allah, even if you believe that Allah is the all-Helper. And to supplicate to other than Allah is to commit Major Shirk, the gravest of all sins.
7 It is permissible to seek help from the living if they are capable of fulfilling your request. For example to ask someone to provide you with food is permissible, but to ask someone to cause it to rain is not permissible
8 Calling upon the dead not only contradicts the Qur’an and Sunnah, it also contradicts sound reason. It is futile to call upon one who
cannot hear you. Rather we must call upon Allah alone. He is the all-Hearing, the all-Knowing.
9 Although the Mushriks would call upon the righteous dead, jinns and angels, they considered them to be mere intercessors in the Court of Allah. They did not believe that these gods could bring health, good fortune or provide sustenance of their own accord. They believed in Allah as the Creator and Sustainer, yet the Prophet (s.a) opposed them. Why? Because they would call upon the pious dead as a means of seeking nearness to Allah. Allah commanded them to call upon Him alone, yet they set up intermediaries between man and God. Similarly, to visit the grave of the Messenger of Allah (s.a), and ask him to convey your requests to Allah is also (Major Shirk).
10 It is not permissible to build a masjid over a grave, nor to place a grave inside a masjid.
11 To place a tombstone or a mausoleum over a grave is not permissible. The Messenger of Allah (s.a) ordered us to destroy such structures.
12 This verse is a clear statement that the religion of Islam has been completed. To claim that a further addition to the religion is beneficial or even permissible is an outright contradiction of this Qur’anic verse.
13 The Messenger fulfilled his mission faithfully and told us all we need to know to achieve Paradise. It is not possible that we can improve upon the knowledge that Allah gave to the Messenger (s.a).
14 How much clearer can we get? The people who practice bidd’ah claim that they are doing these actions in order to get closer to Allaah. How could they use means to get closer to Allah, that were not used by the Prophet (s.a) ? Who was closer to Allaah then he? Nobody. Anything that was not religion at the time of the Messenger of Allah(s.a) cannot be considered to be part of the religion today, no matter how sacred it is considered in the minds of men.