What did Ibn Mas’ood and other Companions say about Bidaah
Let us start with some saying of the best of creation – the Prophet Muhummad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) In this regard the Prophet (SAW) said,
“I warn you of the newly invented matters (in the religion),and every newly invented matter is an innovation (biddah), and every innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire”
And he (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) used to say at the beginning of his lectures,
“and the best speech is the Speech of Allah, and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam), and the worst of all affairs are the newly invented matters (in the religion)”
Abdullaah ibn Umar states, “Every innovation (bidaah) is misguidance, even if the people regard it as good.”
This narration is enough to demolish the concept of ‘a good bid’ah’, for you have amongst the most knowledgeable companions of Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) saying the exact opposite. So who do you choose to follow, Ibn Umar or these modern day Shaykhs and Mullahs who are Imaams of their own whims and desires. The next narration is an even stronger enforcement of the general rule that every bidaah is a misguidence even if people consider them good.
Reported by ad-Daarimee in his Sunan (1/79):
‘Amr ibn Salmah said: “We used to sit by the door of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood before the Morning Prayer, so that when he came out we would walk with him to the mosque. (one day) Abu Moosaa al-Ash’aree came to us and said, “Has Abu ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan (i.e. Ibn Mas’ood) come out yet?”” We replied, “No.” So he sat down with us until he came out. When he came out, we all stood along with him, so Abu Moosaa said to him, “O Abu ‘Abd ar Rahmaan! I have just seen something in the mosque which I deemed to be evil, but all praise is for Allaah, I did not see anything except good.” He (Ibn Masoud) enquired, “Then what is it?” (Abu Moosaa) replied, “If you live you will see it. I saw in the mosque people sitting in circles awaiting the Prayer. In each circle they had pebbles in their hands and a man would say ‘repeat Allaahu Akbar a hundred times.’ So they would repeat it a hundred times. Then he would say, ‘say Laa ilaaha illallaah a hundred times.’ So they would say it a hundred times. Then he would say, ‘say Subhaanallaah a hundred times.’ So they would say it a hundred times.” (Ibn Mas’ood) asked,
“What did you say to them?” (Abu Moosaa) said, “I did not say anything to them. Instead I waited to hear you view or what you declared.” (Ibn Mas’ood) replied, “Would that you had ordered them to count up the evil deeds they acquired and assured them that their good deeds would not be lost!”
Then we went along with him (Ibn Mas’ood) until he came to one of these circles and stood and said, “What is this which I see you doing?” They replied, “O Abu ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan! These are pebbles upon which we are counting takbeer, tahleel and tasbeeh.” He said, “Count up your evil deeds. I assure you that none of your good deeds will be lost. Woe to you, O Ummah of Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) ! How quickly you go to destruction! These are the
Companions of your Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) and who are widespread. There are his clothes which have not yet decayed and his bowl which is unbroken. By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Either you are upon a Religion better guided than the Religion of Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) or that you are opening the door of misguidance.” They said, “O Abu ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan! By Allaah, we only intended good.” He said, “How many there are who intend good but do not achieve it. Indeed Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said to us ‘A people will recite the Qur’aan but it will not pass beyond their throats.’ By Allah! I do not know, perhaps most of them are from you.” Then he left them.
Umar ibn Salmah (the sub-narrator) said: “We saw most of those people fighting against us on the day of Nahrawaan, along with the Khawaarij.”
[Authenticated by Sheikh Saleem al-Hilaalee in al-Bid’ah (pp. 26-29).]
•Abdullaah ibn Abbaas said, “Do not sit with the people of innovation (biddah), for verily their sittings are a sickness for the hearts.”
[ash-Sharee’ah pg 65 of al-Aajurree (d.360)]
•”A man said to Abdullah ibn Umar: “Najdah (a man from the Khawaarij) says such and such”. So Ibn Umar prevented himself from listening for fear that some of it should enter his hearts”.
[Related by al-Laalikaaee no.199]
•Mu’aadh bin Jabal used to say, whenever he sat in a circle of knowledge, “And I warn you of what is innovated, for all that is innovated is misguidance.”
[ash-Sharee’ah pg.55, also Abu Dawood with similar wording]
•Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood said, “Follow the sunnah of Muhammad and do not innovate, for what you have been commanded is enough for you.”
•Hudhayfah bin al-Yaman said, “Every act of worship that the Companions did not do, do not do it.” [Abu Dawood]
Is this not enough? That the Companions tell us to follow the way of Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) and not to make up new ways of worship?
“Whomsoever Allaah guides to the truth, none can misguide him, and whomsoever Allaah misguides, none can guide”! [Muslim]